What are the Parts of a Guitar?

Author: Artist Guitars US   Date Posted:October 30, '18 

Here are some diagrams showing the different parts of the guitar and a quick explanation of what they do.


Artist LSP Steel String Acoustic Guitar


Artist CL Beginner Classical Guitar


Artist STH Beginner Electric Guitar





Houses the Machine heads for adjusting the tension (tuning) of the strings 


Machine Heads 

Gear mechanism for tensioning (tuning) the guitar strings.



The white section that the strings run through, between the neck and the headstock.  The nut on a beginner guitar is usually made from molded plastic.  Higher grade guitars are made from bone.



This is where the strings run so that you can press your fingers down to change the pitch of the strings



The frets are small bumps in the neck which when a string is pressed against them makes a specific note.  These are spaced very precisely to create a chromatic scale.


Built-in Tuner 

All Beginner Artist Guitars include a built-in tuner.  This means you'll never be without a tuner, where ever you go!  Very simple to use.  Check out our video guide on how to use this.


Strap Pin 

Used to connect your strap (also included with Beginner Artist Guitars).


Cut Away 

A section of the body that is "cut out" on the under side of the neck.  This allows your fret hand to reach the higher frets more easily.


Strap Pin 

Used to connect your strap (also included with Beginner Artist Guitars).


Sound Hole

The hole in the body that lets the sound escape from the body cavity.  This is what gives the guitar its volume and warmth.


Pick Guard 

Protects the surface of the guitar from scratches when strumming the guitar.  These can be easily removed and swapped for a different colour if you would like to personalise your guitar.  Check out our blog on how to do this.




Acoustic Guitars:

A solid piece of wood that is glued to the body of the guitar to handle the tension of the strings.  The strings go through the bridge and into the body of the guitar.  They're secured with bridge pins.

Note: look out for cheaper guitars with a bolted on bridge.  These are not as resonant and therefore don't sound as good, and will not last as long as a glued bridge.

Electric Guitars:

Similar to Acoustic guitars but made from metal.  There are many variations of the electric guitar bridge but all serve the same purpose of  anchoring the strings.



Similar to the nut, this is the contact point for the strings before they are secured to the bridge.  Beginner models are made from plastic, higher grade guitars can be made from bone.


Bridge Pins

Used to secure the strings into the bridge of the guitar.  Ues a Bridge Pin Puller, pliers or even a spoon to remove if you need to replace your strings.  Check out our string changing guide.


Specific to the STH Beginner Electric Guitar:


Single Coil Pickup

Converts magnetic energy of the vibrating strings into electric energy.  This electrical current travels out of the guitar output through a cable into an amp.


Humbucker Pickup

A different type of pickup that reduces the amount of noise generated from overdriving your sound.


Pickup Selector Switch

This allows you to choose between pickups or a combination of two at a time. There are 5 options on a standard strat style guitar.



Allows you to control the output volume of the guitar.


Tone Pots

Control the tone, similar to a tone pot, or bass/treble on your home stereo.


Tremolo Bar

Allows you to move the bridge backward and forward, loosening or tightening the strings. This will bend the note up or down in pitch.


If you would like more information on choosing the right guitar for you, then feel free to email usgive us a call or click the live chat button below.